From deciding the tread pattern to the compound, every tyre takes a lot of expertise to get ready.
As said, tyres are the only point of contact between you and the road. In that case, tyres are the most important element for a safe and good drive or ride. May it be a V8 engine supercar or a litre-class superbike, tyres need to be of top-notch quality to give you the pure pleasure of the character of a machine. You might have had hands on various supreme automobiles and all you praised were its power, features and looks. We tend to forget how good are the tyres which are the most important element to drag a machine efficiently. Ever wondered how are they manufactured, how much expertise is involved in its making and how many processes it goes through? If not, here is a glimpse of tyres manufacturing process to make you understand how your set of rubbers are moulded to take all the beating thrown at them.
- The first important aspect to consider before starting the manufacturing process is to decide the type of tyres. Various aspects are needed to be understood such as the grip level, comfort, and life of the tyre. It differs for every type of vehicle and the manufacturing is needed to be executed accordingly.
- Once the type of tyre to be produced is finalized, the second step is to create a mixture which consists of various types of compounds for creating the material of the rubber. Also, the appropriate tread pattern for the tyre is needed to be selected depending on the use of the tyre. Some may require a busy and dense pattern while some may need just a few lines of cuts to fulfill the need.
- The tread pattern needs to be inspected which is not done by just taking a sample into hands and gawking at it. Instead, it is inspected on a visual monitoring system on which the parameters are thoroughly checked.
- Many a time, various samples of tyres are checked on the testing machine to select the most appropriate one. On a rolling platform, the tyres are made to run for an ample of kilometers to decide which is performing the best and that is put into manufacturing.
- Once the engineers are convinced with the type and quality, the sheet of tyre is started to be produced which is done automatically on the dedicated machine.
- A tyre consists of two main layers including the outer nylon layer and the inner rubber layer. Both are checked to make sure whether the final combination is in its best form and can be put down for the final roll out.
- The last step which comes into play, after the tyre is ready, is to install it on the dedicated car or bike and get it checked by a professional tester. This tester is no random bloke but a person with years of testing experience and the one who can point out the faults and bugs in the final product.